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Shark Fishing

Information on Sharks

There are several shark species found in waters off Newfoundland and Labrador. The blue shark is the most common and commercially valuable of these species, however other species such as the Mako, Greenland, Basking, Porbeagle, and Thresher sharks, have been assessed for their commercial significance in recent years.

Blue Shark

Common Names: Blue Dog

Description: One of the most common pelagic sharks seen in NL waters. A long & slender body, with long pectoral fins & distinct colouration.

Colour: Deep indigo blue top, vibrant blue on its side, fading to a completely white underbelly.

Size:
At birth: 40-51 cm
Average Size: 3.4M
Maximum: 4.0m (13 ft)

Blue Shark

Porbeagle Shark

Common Names: Mackerel Shark

Description: One of the most common pelagic sharks seen in NL waters. Large black eyes, short conical snout, heavy spindle-shaped body (like the White Shark), distinct white patch on the trailing edge of the first dorsal fin, also secondary keel on the tail.

Colour: Blue-gray on top, fading to a completely white underbelly.

Size:
At birth: 60-75 cm
Average Size: 2.4 m
Maximum: 3.5m (11.5 ft)

Porbeagle Shark
Porbeagle Shark

Shortfin Mako Shark

Common Names: Mako

Description: Fastest shark in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean & a “jumper” when hooked. Sleek, spindle-shaped body.

Colour: Distinct countershading: metallic indigo blue on top & completely white underbelly.

Size:
At Birth: 70-77 cm
Average Size: 2.7 m
Maximum: 4.5 m (15 ft)


Shortfin Mako
Shortfin Mako

Basking Shark

Common Names: Bone Shark

Description: Second largest fish in Canadian waters & around the world (behind Whale shark). Swims slowly near the surface, often with its huge mouth wide open. Filter-feeding on plankton & small crustaceans with its feathery “gill rakers”.

Colour: Grayish Brown all over its body; often has a mottled appearance.

Size:
Juvenile: 1.6m
Average Size: 7m
Maximum: 15m (50 ft)

Basking Shark

White Shark

Common Names: “Great” White Shark

Description: Large, heavy, spindle-shaped shark.

Colour: Distinct countershading: varies from lead gray, brownish gray, or black on top & completely white underbelly.

Size:
Juvenile: ~100 cm
Average Size: 4.6m
Maximum: 6.4 m (21 ft)

White Shark

Greenland Shark

Common Names: Ground Shark

Description: Large, flabby shark that is generally slow-moving.

Colour: Varies slightly: adults can be brown, black, purplish gray, or slate gray all over; may also have dark bands or small white spots on their body.

Size:
Juvenile: 38 cm
Average Size: 4.5m
Maximum: 7.3 m (24 ft)

Greenland Shark
Greenland Shark

Thresher Shark

Description: Extremely long top lobe of the tail fin with a narrow tip.

Colour: Brown, grey, blue-grey or black on top with metallic hues; white underbelly extending over pectoral fin bases.

Size:
At Birth: 1.5m
Average Size: 4.5m
Maximum: 6.1 m (20 ft)

Thresher Shark